In the field of aerospace, microelectronics can be found in multiple devices as sensors such as in probes sent into space. The development of these devices improves the accuracy of image capture and data collection, enabling researchers to better understand, analyze and interact with the spatial environment.
In the field of aeronautics, sensors are omnipresent in aircraft, whether in the cockpit room or in the instrumentation outside the aircraft. Some of these sensors are used on aircraft wings to transmit information about its environment. They help to avoid turbulence, increase safety and thus save fuel consumption.
In the automobile sector, the integration of microelectronics is growing rapidly. Improved sensors increase the safety of motorists and their passengers. Airbags are a concrete example. On reading the data transmitted by the sensors, the airbags will only trigger in specific contexts and at the same time will be safer. Microelectronics is also part of the new autopilot technologies of automobiles. Sensors capture the ambient environment and transform physical data into computer data to control the steering system and vehicle movements.
Microelectronics, omnipresent and transverse to all segments of the economy, meets the demands of the markets. The miniaturization of electronic components allows multiple technological integration to optimize the performance of applications and devices. Frequently, as sensors, they allow the entry of information which will subsequently be transformed into computer data and then into reactions of autonomous systems. This is artificial intelligence! Sensors thus optimize the transmission or transformation of information allowing individuals to communicate with their environment or between themselves to improve the user life quality.
ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT
The fields of energy and the environment are closely complementary. The technical innovations of microelectronics in this area reduce the energy consumption of the devices thus reducing their environmental impact. For example, the solar panels always miniaturized while increasing its capacity to store energy. In addition, the improvement of microelectronics allows a better optimization of the environment. The energy losses of buildings can now be identified by infrared cameras which allow the visualization of the thermal waves and then propose solutions of optimization or recovery. The same technology allows the reuse of heat generated by the operation of electronic devices such as computers or buildings heated during the winter reducing environmental impacts.
In the field of advanced manufacturing, the integration of microelectronics allows the automation and optimization of production lines. This automation increases the safety of workers, the monitoring of operations and the reliability of the components produced. 3D printers, on the other hand, support accelerated production through manufacturing reproduction such as design tools. They make it easier to build the housings of the electronic components and to detect potential gaps during the production stages.
A significant number of new medical breakthroughs are based on innovations in microelectronics. They make a difference in the access to medical care and diagnosis. It is now possible to get a ton of medical information quickly and remotely. For example, microelectronic take place in a multitude of medical implants ranging from cardio stimulator to neurostimulator via cochlear implants. These advances make it possible to collect several pieces of information and thus to provide adapted care.
ACADEMIC NETWORK & RESEARCH CENTRE
The evolution of microelectronics is based on the training of highly qualified professionals (HQP). The collaboration between the academic network and the industrial environment offers an unparalleled dynamism in which the parties benefit each other.
SCIENCE OF LIFE
The development of microelectronics enables the life sciences to improve the processes required in the medicines manufacturing or in the patient treatment and analysis. The integration of microelectronics into the manufacturing process allows monitoring, understanding, predicting and preventing as well as optimizing the processes used in medical fields.
SECURITY AND DEFENSE
For security and defense, the development of microelectronics meets a multitude of needs to optimize and deploy security. For example, when it’s used in airports, the infrared detectors improve security by more targeted detection. Unlike X-ray technology, infrared sensors can be used to visualize the temperature of the person or on the person, thus optimizing detection capabilities.
In the field of telecommunications, the contribution of microelectronics is significant. Innovations in telecommunications are based on technological innovations that reduce the size of the various components. The devices are miniaturized, but they always increase in performance. The number of applications and uses of mobile devices is growing, which also requires improvements in access to the Internet, connectivity and bandwidth capabilities. Innovations contribute to the improvement of servers where information is stored, as well as the bandwidth that allows users to access the content quickly, easily and at any times.
Microelectronics can also be found in textiles and it allows a considerable advance in the information gathering about humans. As much for health or sports data collection, these technologies are very useful. The sensors inserted in the tissue collect vital signs or other information about the condition of the person which allows a precise evaluation of his health as well as his real-time performances.
In the field of transport, microelectronics is everywhere. Its integration in all the spheres related to transport makes it possible to analyze the collected data and to put in place actions to improve the logistics. These technologies also automate transportation by transforming and processing environmental information into intelligent data that allows vehicles control in a variety of ways.